Cyst; a membranous sac or cavity of abnormal character in the body, containing fluid.
Sex Education is coherently dismissed in Pakistan and the adults make absolutely sure that any problems regarding the genital of their children remain well hidden from any family members, even their own brother, and sisters. Due to this, it is quite common for diseases to spread and develop because the children do not have the sufficient knowledge to diagnose that something is wrong with them and that they need to go to a doctor.
What are vaginal cysts?
Vaginal cysts are closed pockets of air, fluid, or pus located on or under the vaginal lining. There are several types of vaginal cysts. These can be caused by injury during childbirth, fluid buildup in your glands, or benign (noncancerous) tumors within the vagina.
Vaginal cysts usually remain small and often don’t require treatment. However, different types of cysts may become enlarged and lead to pain, itching, or an increased risk of infection.
What are the types of vaginal cysts?
There are many types of vaginal cysts. The most common types include vaginal inclusion cysts, Gartner’s duct cysts, and Bartholin’s cysts. Benign tumors in the vagina may resemble cysts.
- Vaginal inclusion cysts
Vaginal inclusion cysts are the most common type of vaginal cysts. This type of cyst is caused by an injury to the wall of the vagina and may occur during childbirth or after a surgery
2. Gartner’s duct cysts
The Gartner’s duct is a remnant organ in the female pelvis from a women’s fetal development. It can sometimes accumulate fluid and later develop into a cyst on the walls of the vagina.
3. Bartholin’s cyst
The Bartholin’s gland is located near the opening of the vagina on the vaginal lips (labia). If a flap of skin grows over this gland, fluid can back up into the gland and form a cyst, This cyst is usually painless. If the cyst becomes infected, it can become an abscess.
4. Müllerian cysts
These are another common type of cyst that form as a result of material left behind when a baby develops. They grow anywhere on the vaginal walls and often contain mucus.
What are the symptoms of vaginal cysts?
There are typically no symptoms associated with vaginal cysts. You may notice a small lump protruding from the wall of the vagina or have pain or discomfort during sex or while inserting a tampon.
Call your doctor if you notice a lump inside the vagina, or if you develop bulging from the vagina.
How are vaginal cysts diagnosed?
Often, a gynecologist will discover cysts during a routine, yearly examination. The cyst might stay the same size or grow larger over time.
Tests may include:
- a biopsy of a tissue sample from the cyst to rule out the possibility of vaginal cancer
- tests on the secretions from the vagina or cervix to determine if a sexually transmitted infection (STI) is present
- an MRI scan, CT scan, or ultrasound to see detailed images of the cyst
How are vaginal cysts treated?
Vaginal cysts should be monitored for growth or changes in appearance during routine exams. If the cyst grows larger or causes severe symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the cyst. If the cyst causes an infection or abscess, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
Sitz baths may be used to treat a cyst, causing it to burst and drain on its own.
What are the complications of vaginal cysts?
Complications due to vaginal cysts are rare. However, cysts may grow over time, which can lead to increased pain and discomfort, and can also increase the risk of infection. Surgery to remove a cyst may carry a risk of infection or other complications at the excision site.
What is the long-term outlook?
The outlook is generally very good. Cysts are usually benign and often remain small. Cysts that are surgically removed usually won’t occur again.
I started running 3 miles every morning after throat surgery to remove a cyst last year. The gym used to be my adversary. But that has all changed. Now, I look forward to it every morning. ~ Rachael Ray